António Vitorino is Director General to the International Organization for Migrations – UN Migration Agency (OIM) since 2018. He served as European Commissioner for Justice and Home Affairs, from 1999 to 2004. Prior to joining the European Commission, António Vitorino served as Deputy Prime Minister of Portugal and Minister of Defense, from 1995 to 1997. Ha was also Portugal’s State Secretary for Parliamentary Affairs from 1983 to 1985, member of the European Parliament from 1994 to 1995, where he chaired the Civil Liberties and Internal Affairs Committee in charge of Migration, Asylum, Justice and Fundamental Rights. He served as Judge of the Portuguese Constitutional Court from 1989 to 1994. He was President of Notre Europe/Jacques Delors Institute in Paris from 2011 to 2016, Board member of the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) in Washington, D.C. from 2005 to 2013 and chaired the New York based Advisory Board of the International Migration Initiative from 2015 to 2017. In Portugal, António Vitorino was Commissioner of the Gulbenkian Foundation Forum on Migration and the Civil Society Platform for the Integration of Migrants from 2005 to 2007.